Do immigrants pass on their native languages through generations?
In 2006, the four immigrant languages transmitted between generation most often were Armenian, Punjabi, Bengali and Urdu. In 1981, 41% of mothers had passed on their native languages to their children.
Twenty-five years later, in 2006, 23% of first-generation female immigrants who had been transmitted their own mother’s native tongue would, in turn, have passed it on to their children.
In the 2006 Census, immigrant languages were passed on to 55% of Canadian-born children under 18 years of age group – an increase of 14% from 1981.
The intensity of native language transmission increased in the majority of the twenty language groups. The only languages for which the trend was different were primarily European languages such as Portuguese, Italian, Greek, and Czech, as well as Tagalog and Armenian.
These languages were passed on at the same intensity as in 1981.