On July 26, 2023, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau made significant changes to his cabinet. Marc Miller, a Member of Parliament from Quebec and former Minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations, is now Canada’s Immigration Minister. Sean Fraser, the previous Immigration Minister, is now Minister of Housing, Infrastructure, and Communities. Cabinet shuffles are common in Canadian politics, occurring every two years to replace poor-performing ministers, reward good work, and refresh policies and public communications. The last shuffle occurred in October 2021, after the federal election, when Fraser was appointed as the previous Immigration Minister and head of the Department of Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).